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Small scale biodiesel synthesis from waste frying oil and crude methanol in Morocco
【文件类型】 【消费金额】2.4 【文章页数】8 【会员操作】  
【文章作者】Fatiha Ouanji;Marouane Nachid;Mohamed Kacimi;Leonarda F.Liotta;Fabtizio Puleo;Mahfoud Ziyad;
【文章摘要】      Biodiesel was produced at small scale by transesterification of used frying oil(UFO) recovered from Moroccan pastry shops and fish frying restaurants. Biodiesel was first synthesised at laboratory scale in order to optimize the transesterification parameters. The cost of the final product was also optimized using low-cost raw materials.The UFO and the produced biodiesel were characterized with several techniques including gas chromatography,1H NMR,13 C NMR, FTIR, and TGA–TDA techniques.1H NMR gas chromatographic analyses of the final product confirmed that the transesterification in the chosen experimental conditions was completed. These results were confirmed by TGA–TDA analysis used as new techniques to monitoring triglyceride conversion. The biodiesel did not contain any trace of glycerol, and it did meet the international standards. The transesterification at low cost in small scale conditions was performed at 60 °C using 1.2% of KOH and a methanol/oil molar ratio of 6:1. A yield of 80.8% was achieved. The properties of the produced biodiesel were found to be as good as those of biodiesels obeying to European standards. The biodiesel production was also performed at small-scale for individual utilisation. Thus, the product was tested in a kerosene stove for heating and non-modified commercial diesel engine producing electricity.
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【期刊】Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering【卷】【ISSUE】【ISSUEID】    【文章期份】2016    【发布日期】2017/2/18 0:00:00    点击率:1    打印    关闭
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